50 Questions on The Ottoman Empire

  1. What was the capital city of the Ottoman Empire for most of its existence?
    • Istanbul
  2. What was the name of the founder of the Ottoman Empire?
    • Osman
  3. What term describes the elite soldiers and bodyguards of the Ottoman sultans?
    • Janissaries
  4. What was the system of government in the Ottoman Empire where non-Muslims were allowed to govern themselves with some autonomy?
    • Millet
  5. What was the name of the Ottoman Empire’s legislative body and council of advisors?
    • Divan
  6. What was the name of the Ottoman Sultan who conquered Constantinople in 1453, marking the end of the Byzantine Empire?
    • Mehmed II
  7. What were the Ottoman governors of provinces or regions called?
    • Pashas
  8. What was the holy book of Islam and a significant cultural and religious influence in the Ottoman Empire?
    • Quran
  9. What was the name of the Ottoman military campaign to capture the Byzantine city of Constantinople?
    • Siege
  10. What was the period of territorial expansion and peak power of the Ottoman Empire under Suleiman the Magnificent?
    • Ottoman Golden Age
  11. What was the name of the Ottoman law code based on Islamic law, used for civil and criminal cases?
    • Sharia
  12. What was the name of the Ottoman Sultan who undertook a series of reforms known as the Tanzimat, aiming to modernize the empire?
    • Mahmud II
  13. What was the term for the elaborate system of rank and social hierarchy within the Ottoman Empire?
    • Ottoman society
  14. What was the name of the Ottoman Empire’s capital city before it was renamed Istanbul?
    • Constantinople
  15. What was the term for the land granted to military leaders and officials in the Ottoman Empire in exchange for service?
    • Timar
  16. What was the name of the palace complex that served as the administrative center of the Ottoman Empire?
    • Topkapi
  17. What was the term for the Ottoman practice of forcibly recruiting Christian boys to serve in the Janissary corps?
    • Devshirme
  18. What was the name of the Islamic legal scholars who interpreted and applied religious law in the Ottoman Empire?
    • Ulama
  19. What was the title of the Ottoman ruler, equivalent to a king or emperor in European terms?
    • Sultan
  20. What was the name of the Ottoman architectural masterpiece and mosque located in Istanbul?
    • Hagia Sophia
  21. What was the title given to the highest religious authority in the Ottoman Empire, often the head of the Islamic faith?
    • Grand Mufti
  22. What was the term for the official system of Ottoman government, including military and civil administration?
    • Ottoman bureaucracy
  23. What was the name of the Ottoman naval fleet that dominated the Mediterranean and Red Seas?
    • Ottoman Navy
  24. What was the name of the Ottoman law code based on Islamic law, used for civil and criminal cases?
    • Sharia
  25. What was the period of territorial expansion and peak power of the Ottoman Empire under Suleiman the Magnificent?
    • Ottoman Golden Age
  26. What was the name of the Ottoman Sultan who undertook a series of reforms known as the Tanzimat, aiming to modernize the empire?
    • Mahmud II
  27. What was the term for the elaborate system of rank and social hierarchy within the Ottoman Empire?
    • Ottoman society
  28. What was the name of the Ottoman Empire’s capital city before it was renamed Istanbul?
    • Constantinople
  29. What was the term for the land granted to military leaders and officials in the Ottoman Empire in exchange for service?
    • Timar
  30. What was the name of the palace complex that served as the administrative center of the Ottoman Empire?
    • Topkapi
  31. What was the term for the Ottoman practice of forcibly recruiting Christian boys to serve in the Janissary corps?
    • Devshirme
  32. What was the name of the Islamic legal scholars who interpreted and applied religious law in the Ottoman Empire?
    • Ulama
  33. What was the title of the Ottoman ruler, equivalent to a king or emperor in European terms?
    • Sultan
  34. What was the name of the Ottoman architectural masterpiece and mosque located in Istanbul?
    • Hagia Sophia
  35. What was the title given to the highest religious authority in the Ottoman Empire, often the head of the Islamic faith?
    • Grand Mufti
  36. What was the term for the official system of Ottoman government, including military and civil administration?
    • Ottoman bureaucracy
  37. What was the name of the Ottoman naval fleet that dominated the Mediterranean and Red Seas?
    • Ottoman Navy
  38. What was the name of the Ottoman Empire’s legislative body and council of advisors?
    • Divan
  39. What was the name of the Ottoman Sultan who conquered Constantinople in 1453, marking the end of the Byzantine Empire?
    • Mehmed II
  40. What were the Ottoman governors of provinces or regions called?
    • Pashas
  41. What was the holy book of Islam and a significant cultural and religious influence in the Ottoman Empire?
    • Quran
  42. What was the name of the Ottoman military campaign to capture the Byzantine city of Constantinople?
    • Siege
  43. What was the period of territorial expansion and peak power of the Ottoman Empire under Suleiman the Magnificent?
    • Ottoman Golden Age
  44. What was the name of the Ottoman law code based on Islamic law, used for civil and criminal cases?
    • Sharia
  45. What was the name of the Ottoman Sultan who undertook a series of reforms known as the Tanzimat, aiming to modernize the empire?
    • Mahmud II
  46. What was the term for the elaborate system of rank and social hierarchy within the Ottoman Empire?
    • Ottoman society
  47. What was the name of the Ottoman Empire’s capital city before it was renamed Istanbul?
    • Constantinople
  48. What was the term for the land granted to military leaders and officials in the Ottoman Empire in exchange for service?
    • Timar
  49. What was the name of the palace complex that served as the administrative center of the Ottoman Empire?
    • Topkapi
  50. What was the term for the Ottoman practice of forcibly recruiting Christian boys to serve in the Janissary corps?
    • Devshirme

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